While WLC continues to uphold the observance of the Seventh-Day Sabbath, which is at the heart of Yahuwah's moral law, the 10 Commandments, we no longer believe that the annual feast days are binding upon believers today. Still, though, we humbly encourage all to set time aside to commemorate the yearly feasts with solemnity and joy, and to learn from Yahuwah’s instructions concerning their observance under the Old Covenant. Doing so will surely be a blessing to you and your home, as you study the wonderful types and shadows that point to the exaltation of Messiah Yahushua as the King of Kings, the Lord of Lords, the conquering lion of the tribe of Judah, and the Lamb of Yahuwah that takes away the sins of the world.
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Origins of Saturn

The King James Version (KJV) is mostly used in these lessons. Click here to access the KJV online.
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Frank Abagnale, Jr. will likely go down in history as the greatest con artist that ever lived. The strength of all frauds and counterfeits lies in their ability to deceive. Frank knew this and he was the best. He began his life of crime by impersonating a Pan American airlines pilot. Flying over 1,000,000 miles, he visited 26 different countries and lived in various hotels, charging food and lodging to the airline. After nearly being caught while leaving a flight in New Orleans, Frank looked elsewhere for “work.”

With no college education, Frank successfully passed himself off as a chief resident pediatrician in a Georgia hospital for nearly a year. His career posing as a doctor also included working as resident supervisor of interns for 25 months. Later, he forged a Harvard University law school transcript, although he never attended law school, and passed the Louisiana state bar exam. For eight months he worked in the office of the state attorney general. During his career in crime, he also stole millions of dollars by brilliantly forged checks.

The most incredible fact to his story is that all these exploits occurred while he was still a teenager! When he was finally caught, 12 countries clamored for his extradition. After escaping prison by posing as an undercover prison inspector, Frank was arrested for the final time when two policemen sitting in an unmarked police car recognized him. Frank’s skill was so great that, after a short stint in prison, the FBI offered him a job, helping them catch other forgers.1

Genuine time measurement has counterfeits as well. While most people are aware that the origins of Sunday began with sun worship, they assume that Saturday is the Biblical seventh-day Sabbath. Saturday is the seventh day of the week. However, the calendar used to calculate Saturday is a pagan counterfeit that establishes the worship times of pagan gods. The origins of Saturday reveal it to be a counterfeit of the genuine seventh-day Sabbath of Creation.

Lending authenticity to its bold claim of being the true Sabbath of the Bible is its age. The length of time Saturday has been in existence has increased its deceptive power by giving it a legitimacy which newer counterfeits, Sunday among them, do not possess. To understand the fraudulent nature of Saturday, it is important to trace it back to its roots. The word “Saturday” means “Saturn’s day” or the day belonging to the god, Saturn. Most, if not all, of the ancient religions had Saturn in their pantheon of gods.

As “Saturn” to the Romans, he was “Kronos/Chronos” to the Greeks. To the Egyptians, he was alternately “Khons”2and “Osiris.”3The Babylonians named him “Ninus” while to the Assyrians he was Bel, Bal or Belus. 4 The Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Canaanites referred to Saturn as Baal or Baalim. 5The person from whom these various legends extend is none other than Nimrod, that “mighty hunter before [against] Yahuwah.”6 Nimrod, grandson of Ham and great-grandson of Noah, was the first deified Babylonian king.7Nimrod’s reestablishment of idolatry in the post-flood world came down in the legends and pantheons of the various idolatrous nations which did not retain a knowledge of the true Eloah. Under differing names, Nimrod/Saturn appeared in all ancient idolatry.

Rome itself was originally the city of Saturn! “Tradition related that Saturn, the earliest god of agriculture worshipped in Italy . . . dwelt on the hill afterwards called the Capitoline, and introduced the golden age into Italy whilst reigning there; whence [come the terms:] the Saturnian reign, mountain, land and city.”8

In common with all the earth, Rome at a very early prehistoric period, had drunk deep of Babylon’s “golden cup.” But above and beyond all other nations, it had had a connection with the idolatry of Babylon that put it in a position peculiar and alone. Long before the days of Romulus [the founder of Rome, with his brother Remus] a representative of the Babylonian Messiah, called by his name, had fixed his temple as a god, and his palace as a king, on one of those very heights which came to be included within the walls of that city which Remus and his brother were destined to found. On the Capitoline hill, so famed in after-days as the great high place of Roman worship, Saturnia, or the city of Saturn, the great Chaldean god, had in the days of dim and distant antiquity been erected.9

The possibility that Nimrod built Saturnia and was worshipped there as a god, is intriguing. According to Annius of Viterbo and Richard Lynche, 10Noah himself traveled to Italy to visit his grandson, Gomer (eldest son of Japheth). Upon arrival, Noah learned that Gomer had died and Ham had usurped the kingdom. Noah then cast out Ham and restored order to the kingdom which had been morally corrupted under Ham.

In Revelation, Rome with its idolatrous worship is symbolized as a woman named “Mystery Babylon,” sitting on a beast with seven heads.11The seven heads of the beast are identified as the “seven mountains” on which she sits.12This is a direct reference to Rome, long known as “the city of seven hills.” “To call Rome the city ‘of the seven hills’ was by its citizens held to be as descriptive as to call it by its own proper name.”13The Capitoline Hill, the smallest of Rome’s seven hills and the site of Saturnia was long considered the most sacred and became the seat of civil government.

While the mists of time veil much of antiquity, Saturnia’s Babylonian link is particularly fascinating in light of the various ancient accounts 14which state that Shem, Nimrod’s great-uncle, slew Nimrod for idolatry. Ancient accounts of Saturnia indicate that idolatry was indeed held in check for a long time after some calamitous event:

On the Capitoline hill, so famed in after-days as the great high place of Roman worship, Saturnia, or the city of Saturn, the great Chaldean god, had in the days of dim and distant antiquity been erected.15Some revolution had then taken place – the graven images of Babylon had been abolished – the erecting of any idol had been sternly prohibited,16and when the twin founders [Romulus and Remus] of the now world-renowned city reared its humble walls, the city and the palace of their Babylonian predecessor had long lain in ruins. 17

Even Virgil alludes to the destruction of Saturnia at date remote even to the early time of Evander (roughly 1250 B.C.). 18

As a fore-father of the Messiah and the preserver of true religion, Shem was zealous to preserve truth and sought to abolish the idolatry being established by Nimrod, his grand-nephew and the ringleader of apostasy. Chaldean records refer to the death of Nimrod as taking place at the command of a “certain king,” or Shem. 19Ancient Egyptian accounts reveal that Shem, or Sem, speaking by “the power of the Gods,” 20 appealed to a governing body of judges, presenting before them truth in its purity as compared to the evil that was being spread abroad by Nimrod.21 His words were so powerfully persuasive that the judges were convinced. This tribunal consisted of two sets of magistrates: 30 civil judges and 42 religious judges, for a total of 72. “Seventy-two was just the number of the judges, both civil and sacred, who, according to Egyptian law, were required to determine what was to be the punishment of one guilty of so high an offence as that of Osiris [Nimrod].”22 The sentence handed down for this high treason against heaven was death.

After decapitating Nimrod, Shem dismembered his body, sending parts to all of the various strongholds of idolatry as a solemn warning: thus shall it be done unto all who rebel against the authority of Heaven. A relatively large number of ancient accounts 23would indicate that Nimrod was actually killed by being torn asunder, although dismemberment after death is more likely. Regardless of the specific cause of death, the fact that it could happen at all to a man so mighty as Nimrod conveyed a strong warning to his followers.

The result was to send idolatry underground. Those who desired to continue the rebellion begun by Nimrod had to do so in secret. Nimrod was worshipped, but it was done under a variety of names. Nimrod/Saturn in its varied forms thus became the “hidden god”; the “god of hidden counsels”; the “concealer of secrets,” and “the hidden one.” 24

Saturn as a god, with his accompanying day of worship, originated in that great post-flood apostasy which culminated in the heaven-daring rebellion at the Tower of Babel. When Yahuwah confounded the language of the rebels 25and they scattered to inhabit various parts of the earth, the idolatrous religion exalting Nimrod as a god went with them. While it entered a new, “hidden” phase, the identifying hallmarks of this gross apostasy were still present and were ever a temptation to the people of Yahuwah, leading them into idolatry. The foundation of rebellion thus laid in antiquity holds strong today in the counterfeit seventh-day Sabbath: Saturday.

1 Frank W. Abagnale, Jr. and Stan Redding, Catch Me If You Can: The Amazing and True Story of the Youngest and Most Daring Con Man in the History of Fun and Profit, (New York: Broadway Books, 1980).

2 god of time.

3 god of agriculture/harvest.

4 Alexander Hislop, The Two Babylons: The Papal Worship Proved to be the Worship of Nimrod and His Wife, (New Jersey: Loizeaux Brothers, Inc., 1959), pp. 31-32.

5“Baal,” Encyclopedia Britannica, Sixth edition, (Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Co., 1823) Vol. III, p. 294. Because Baal was also a title meaning lord or master, it was often linked to other names: e.g., Baal-Berith, Baal-Peor, Baal-Zebub, etc.

6 See Genesis 10:8 and 9.

7 Hislop, op cit., pp. 32, 304.

8 Johann D. Fuss, Roman Antiquities, (Oxford: D. A. Talboys, 1840), p. 359.

9 Hislop, op. cit., p. 239; see also, Aurelius Victor, Origo Gentis Romanæ, (Utrecht, 1696) cap. 3.

10 Various historians have questioned the authenticity of Annius of Viterbo’s source documents mainly because they were not verified before his death. He died just four years after his Antiquities was published and the source documents have not since been found. See also Richard Lynche, An Historical Treatise of the Travels of Noah into Europe, published in 1601 and based in part on the work of Annius.

11 See Revelation 17:1-5.

12 Revelation 17:9.

13 Hislop, op. cit., p. 2. Propertius described Rome as “The lofty city on seven hills, which governs the whole world.” (Lib. iii. Elegy 9, Utrecht, 1659, p. 721.) See also Virgil, Georg., lib. ii. v. 534, 535; Horace, Carmen Seculare, v. 7, p. 497; also, Martial: “Septem dominos montes,” lib. iv. Ep. 64, p. 254.

14 See Babylonian historian, Berosus; see also the Egyptian account of the death of Osiris (Egyptian Nimrod) at the hands of Sem (Shem).

15 Aurelius Victor, op. cit.

16 Plutarch (in Hist. Numæ, Vol. I, p. 65) states, that Numa forbade the making of images, and that for 170 years after the founding of Rome, no images were allowed in the Roman temples.

17 Hislop, op. cit., p. 239.

18 Referring to when Æneas was said to have visited the ancient Italian king, Virgil stated: “Then saw two heaps of ruins; once they stood/Two stately towns on either side the flood/Saturnia and Janicula’s remains/And either place the founder’s name retains.” (Ænid, lib. Viii. II. 467-470, Vol. III, p. 608, emphasis supplied.)

19 See Hislop, op. cit., p. 63; see also Maimonides, More Nevochim [Moreh Nevuchim].

20 The title of the Creator, Elohim, is plural. Therefore, the power “of the Gods” and “of God” would be expressed by the same term.

21 Sir John Gardner Wilkinson, The Manners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians, (London, 1837-1841), Vol. V, p. 17.

22 Hislop, op. cit.

23 The various accounts of Nimrod dying a violent death appear under different names. However, “the Pagans were in the habit of worshipping the same god under different names” (Hislop, op. cit., p. 123). Various able scholars point out that these gods had similar characteristics, even in the etymology of their names. See Hyginus, Fabulæ, 132 and 184, pp. 109, 138; Strabo, lib. X, p. 453; Appoldorus, Bibliotheca, lib. i. cap. 3 and 7, p. 17; Ludovicus Vives, Commentary on Augustine, lib. VI, chap. IX. Note, p. 239, as quoted in Hislop, pp. 55 and 56.

24 Hislop, op. cit. p. 41. See also Virgil, Ænid, lib. Viii and Ovid, Fasti, lib. i.

25Genesis 11:7-9