If Peter the Jew and a disciple of Yahushua found it difficult at times to understand the writings of Paul, is it surprising then to find the anti-Torah 'Christian' ministers base their position on their faulty understanding of Galatians? Even amongst the Torah-observant community, there is a lack of clarity on Paul's intended message. We praise Father Yahuwah for using Brother Tom Martincic to provide the clearest interpretation of Paul's message. Click here to listen to these 5 episodes, and we recommend listening to them in their given order. You will never again be confused about the subject of circumcision. WE ARE OVERJOYED & MOST THANKFUL TO YAHUWAH's HOLY SPIRIT FOR HELPING US COMPREHEND The GALATIAN MESSAGE.
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Flat Earth: Bible Truth in an Unstable World

The King James Version (KJV) is mostly used in these lessons. Click here to access the KJV online.
Click here to start the quiz

"He is the wisest who knows his Bible best, and lives in accordance with its teaching. There is more real science to be found in the Bible, particularly in Genesis, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Isaiah, and Ezekiel, than in all the Universities and Observatories in the world. Grand nuggets of true knowledge are embedded there, but they are required to be sought for in a reverent spirit, for "[Yahuwah] resisteth the proud but giveth grace unto the humble "— James iv. 6. Our [Master] said—" I thank Thee, O Father, [Master] of heaven and earth, because Thou hast hid these things from the wise and understanding, and hast revealed them unto babes, even so. Father, for so it seemeth good in Thy sight "— Matt. xi. 25, 26." (Terra Firma: Earth Not a Planet, Proved from Scripture, Reason, and Fact, David Wardlaw Scott, p.166)

Below, we will highlight some of the points that have led WLC to embrace the "Flat Earth."  This is not at all intended to be an exhaustive list of proof or evidence.  It should, however, prove sufficient to encourage all to begin an honest investigation of this most intriguing and important subject. 

It is not easy to shake off an entire lifetime of incessant conditioning and deceptive propaganda, but by the Father's grace, it can be achieved.  It is our prayer that you will lay your prejudices and presuppositions at the door of investigation and take the time to study this out with an open mind and honest heart. 

"Truth is never afraid of the fullest investigation." (David Wardlaw Scott)

man surprised

Incidentally, we get it: The suggestion that the Earth is flat sounds crazy.  This is exactly what we thought when we were first introduced to the subject.  Not willing to reject anything, though, without a thorough investigation, we began to prayerfully study the matter, pledging that we would be faithful to the evidence, following it wherever it may lead.  After many weeks and months of heart searching and diligent study, it is now our firm conviction that it is the "globe" model that is crazy. 

"He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him."
(Proverbs 18:13, KJV)

Biblical Evidence supporting a stationary Flat Earth:

The Earth is stationary:

  • Fear before him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved. (1 Chronicles 16:30, KJV)
  • Yahuwah reigneth, He is clothed with majesty; Yahuwah is clothed with strength, wherewith He hath girded Himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved. (See Psalm 93:1.)
  • Say among the heathen that Yahuwah reigneth: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved: He shall judge the people righteously. (See Psalm 96:10.)
  • Bless Yahuwah, O my soul. O Yahuwah my Elohim, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty. . . . Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever. (See Psalm 104:1, 5.)

The Earth and the heavenly bodies are enclosed by the firmament:

And Elohim said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And Elohim made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And Elohim called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day. (See Genesis 1:6-8.)

Here, we find that Yahuwah created the expanse of the heavens by separating "the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament."  It could not be any clearer; there is water both below the firmament and above the firmament. 

Praise him, ye heavens of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens. (Psalm 148:4, KJV)

Flat Earth Firmament - Waters above and Waters below

According to Genesis 1:6-8, there is water both below the firmament and above the firmament.

The word translated as "firmament" here is H7549:

H7549 - râqı̂ya‛
BDB Definition:
1) extended surface (solid), expanse, firmament
1a) expanse (flat as base, support)
1b) firmament (of vault of heaven supporting waters above)
1b1) considered by Hebrews as solid and supporting ‘waters’ above

Note BDB's recognition that the firmament refers to the "vault of heaven supporting waters above," and adds that it was "considered by Hebrews as solid and supporting ‘waters’ above."

The root of H7549 (râqı̂ya‛) is H7554 (râqa‛), which is defined by Strong's as:

"A primitive root; to pound the earth (as a sign of passion); by analogy to expand (by hammering); by implication to overlay (with thin sheets of metal): —beat, make broad, spread abroad (forth, over, out, into plates), stamp, stretch" -Strong's Concordance

The firmament that holds back the waters above appears from its root word to be solid, as if hammered out like a sheet of metal. 

Scripture goes on to state that the heavenly bodies were placed inside this firmament.

And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. And Elohim made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. And Elohim set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and Elohim saw that it was good. (See Genesis 1:14-18.)

Flat Earth Firmament - Sun, Moon, & Stars 

Scripture states in plain language that:
(1) T
here is water both below the firmament and above the firmament. (See Genesis 1:6-8.)
(2) The heavenly bodies were placed inside the firmament. (See Genesis 1:14-18.)

The firmament is solid in nature:

In the following passage, Elihu in his conversation with Job confirms what we have already learned from the Creation account in Genesis, namely that the firmament that separates the waters and houses the heavenly bodies is solid.  Note that Elihu uses H7554 (râqa‛), the root word of firmament, which means "by analogy to expand (by hammering); by implication to overlay (with thin sheets of metal): —beat, make broad, spread abroad (forth, over, out, into plates), stamp, stretch."

Hast thou with him spread out [H7554 - râqa‛] the sky, which is strong, and as a molten looking glass? (Job 37:18, KJV)

Now, let us examine a key passage often quoted by those advocating the globe model:

It is he that sitteth upon the circle [H2329 - chûg] of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in. (Isaiah 40:22, KJV)

Earth is not a globe (ball)The word used here to denote "circle" is H2329 (chûg).  It quite literally means circle, circuit, or compass, and by extension can refer to the vault of the heavens.  It does not mean "ball" or "sphere."

H2329 - chûg
BDB Definition:
1) circle, circuit, compass
2) (BDB) vault (of the heavens)

H2329 (chûg) is in no way indicative of a ball or sphere.  Isaiah, under divine inspiration, was deliberate in his word choice here; he did not lack a word for "ball," as can clearly be seen in the following passage:

He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a ball [H1754 - dûr] into a large country . . . (Isaiah 22:18, KJV)

Isaiah, when referring to a ball penned H1754 (dûr) not H2329 (chûg).  These are mutually exclusive expressions.

It is important to note here that H2329 (chûg) can refer to the "vault of the heavens" which, in context, seems the most fitting application of its usage in this passage.  Let us look at it again:

It is he that sitteth upon the circle [H2329 - chûg] of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens [H8064 - shâmayim] as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in. (Isaiah 40:22, KJV)

This passage tells us that Yahuwah sits upon the vault of the heavens above the Earth1 and that from His vantage point, the inhabitants of Earth appear like grasshoppers.  Yahuwah, of course, is omnipresent and does not need to strain His eyes to see the inhabitants of Earth, but the picture that Isaiah is painting is quite clear.

This passage also tells us that Yahuwah stretches out the heavens [H8064 - shâmayim] like a "curtain" and spreads them out like "a tent."  The word used here to denote "the heavens" is the same word used in Genesis to identify the firmament:

And Elohim called the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛] Heaven [H8064 - shâmayim]. And the evening and the morning were the second day. (See Genesis 1:8.)

What Isaiah is communicating then is that Father Yahuwah sits upon (or above) the firmament which is stretched over the Earth like a tent.  (Scripture continually says that Yahuwah stretches out the heavens, or shâmayim: Psalm 104:2, Job 9:8, Isa. 40:22; 42:5; 44:24; 45:12; 51:13, Jer. 10:12; 51:15, Zec. 12:1)   

Flat Earth Firmament - Like a Tent


 Isaiah tells us that Father Yahuwah sits upon (or above) the firmament which He stretches over the Earth like "a curtain" or "a tent." (See Isaiah 40:22.)  This analogy would make no sense in the context of a globe.

Eliphaz, in the book of Job, agrees with this interpretation, for he says that Yahuwah walks upon the chûg (H2329), the same word used by Isaiah to denote the vault of heaven:

J.P. Green's literal rendering of Job 22:14

J.P. Green's literal rendering of Job 22:14 -
"and vault [H2329] - the heavens [H8064] - He walks"

Thick clouds are a covering to him, that he seeth not; and he walketh in the circuit [H2329 - chûg] of heaven [H8064 - shâmayim]. (Job 22:14, KJV)

Eliphaz clearly believed that Yahuwah dwelled [dwells] at the zenith of the firmament.

Is not El in the height of heaven [H8064 - shâmayim]? and behold the height of the stars, how high they are! (See Job 22:12.)

Solomon, in his commentary on the Creation account, reinforces what we have learned thus far from the pen of Moses, Isaiah, and the author of Job:

When he prepared the heavens [H8064 - shâmayim], I was there: when he set a compass [H2329 - chûg] upon the face of the depth: When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains of the deep: When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment: when he appointed the foundations of the earth. (Proverbs 8:27-29, KJV)

Here, again, we find the same word used to identify the firmament, or the heavens: chûg (H2329)

"Praise ye Him, sun and moon: praise Him, all ye stars of light. Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens. . . . for His name alone is excellent; His glory is above the earth and heaven." (Psalm 148:3-4, 13.)

Solomon, in the above passage, is restating what Yahuwah did during Creation week (See Genesis 1:2.)  In context, it appears that Solomon is speaking specifically about where the physical firmament rests upon the deep, for he says plainly after speaking about the preparation of the heavens [H8064 - shâmayim] that the chûg (H2329) was set "upon the face of the depth."  Another very reasonable interpretation is that Solomon, here, is referring to the outer circle of ice established by Yahuwah to contain the seas, for he goes on to say that:

[H]e gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment: when he appointed the foundations of the earth. (Proverbs 8:29, KJV)

Regardless of which of these interpretations one adheres to, one thing is certain: it is nowhere even hinted that the earth is a globe.  All of the Biblical references examined so far irrefutably depict a flat earth enclosed by the firmament of heaven.

Let us now examine a most remarkable vision recorded by the prophet Ezekiel:

Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens [H8064 - shâmayim] were opened, and I saw visions of Elohim. . . . And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire. Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. . . . And the likeness of the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛] upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above. And under the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛] were their wings straight, the one toward the other: every one had two, which covered on this side, and every one had two, which covered on that side, their bodies. And when they went, I heard the noise of their wings, like the noise of great waters, as the voice of the Almighty, the voice of speech, as the noise of an host: when they stood, they let down their wings. And there was a voice from the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛] that was over their heads, when they stood, and had let down their wings. And above the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛] that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it. And I saw as the colour of amber, as the appearance of fire round about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about. As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of Yahuwah. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake. (See Ezekiel 1:1,4,5,22-28.)

Open Bible - Book of EzekielHere, Ezekiel tells us:

  1. The heavens [H8064 - shâmayim] were opened. (See Ezekiel 1:1.)
  2. A whirlwind, a great cloud, a fire infolding itself came out of the north.  (See Ezekiel 1:4.)  The "north," in context here, seems to denote the zenith of the heavens, which were opened to him.  Job agrees with this understanding: "He stretcheth out the north over the empty place . . ." (See Job 26:7)
  3. Out of this whirlwind of fire came four living creatures. (See Ezekiel 1:5.)
  4. After the living creatures come forth, Ezekiel sees the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛] "stretched forth over their heads."  Ezekiel likens the firmament to a "terrible crystal." (See Ezekiel 1:22.)  The word translated as "crystal" here is H7140 (qerach) which means "frost, ice, ice crystal."  This suggests that the water above the firmament is frozen (or at least has the appearance of ice).  This is likely what the Apostle John also saw in his vision: "Before the throne there was a sea of glass, like crystal. And in the midst of the throne, and around the throne, were four living creatures full of eyes in front and in back." (Revelation 4:6) The Greek word translated as "crystal" here is krustallos (G2930), which is "used in classical Greek for ice." (Vincent's Word Studies)  Much more could be said about this, but it is not in the scope of this study to dig further into this particular goldmine.
  5. A voice called to the living creatures from the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛] that was above them. (See Ezekiel 1:25.)
  6. Ezekiel beholds Yahuwah on His throne above the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛]. (See Ezekiel 1:26-28.)

Ezekiel, here, has painted a remarkably vivid picture of Yahuwah seated in glory upon His throne above the firmament, which appears to him like an ice crystal. 

The prophet confirms this picture yet again in another vision:

Then I looked, and, behold, in the firmament [H7549 - râqı̂ya‛] that was above the head of the cherubims there appeared over them as it were a sapphire stone, as the appearance of the likeness of a throne. (Ezekiel 10:1)

Isaiah, Eliphaz, Elihu, and Ezekiel all agree that Yahuwah is enthroned above a solid firmament.  It appears that the Earth is in a literal sense Yahuwah's footstool: 

Thus saith Yahuwah, The heaven [H8064 - shâmayim] is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest? (See Isaiah 66:1.)

The Earth is flat:

In the book of Job, we find a most fascinating and insightful monologue.  In chapter 38, Yahuwah appears to Job and begins questioning Him.  One of the questions is especially pertinent to this study:

Hast thou perceived the breadth [H7338 - rachab] of the earth? declare if thou knowest it all. (Job 38:18, KJV)

The word, breadth, here is rachab (H7338), which means "breadth, broad or wide expanse."  (BDB Lexicon)  This seems like a perfectly legitimate question on a flat Earth.  It makes no sense at all, though, in the context of a spherical Earth.

In the Book of Daniel, the details of Nebuchadnezzar's prophetic dream indicate that the Earth is flat:

These were the visions of my head while on my bed: I was looking, and behold, A tree in the midst of the earth, And its height was great. The tree grew and became strong; Its height reached to the heavens, And it could be seen to the ends of all the earth. (Daniel 4:10-11, KJV)

Nebuchadnezzar said that he dreamed of a tree that grew so tall that it could "be seen to the ends of all the earth."  While this was just a dream, it is still indicative of a flat Earth, for only on a flat Earth would this be possible.  This concept would be an utter impossibility on a globe.

Flat Earth compared to Globe (Daniel 4 - Nebuchadnezzar's Dream)


Now, let us look to some of the glorious descriptions of the return of our loving Saviour:

And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand? (Revelation 6:12-17, KJV)

Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen. (Revelation 1:7, KJV)

According to the John the Revelator:

  1. The stars will fall to the Earth. (See Revelation 6:13.)  John, like the other prophets who expound on this topic, clearly did not believe that the stars were gigantic bodies (much larger than the earth) millions of miles away.  If this were the case, as modern astronomy purports, one star would be sufficient to annihilate the entire Earth upon impact.  Note also that John say the stars "fell" to the Earth; he does not say that the stars were hurtled towards the Earth.
  2. The heavens will then depart like a scroll. (See Revelation 6:14.)  This is consistent with Scripture's ubiquitous depiction of the heavens being stretched out like a curtain or tent.  This description would make no sense whatsoever if the Earth were a sphere.
  3. Everyone on Earth will then see Yahushua coming in glory. (See Revelation 1:7.)  This makes perfect sense on a flat Earth, but would be impossible if the Earth were a sphere.
  4. The wicked and unrepentant will seek to hide themselves from the "wrath of the Lamb" and "the face of him that sitteth on the throne." (See Revelation 6:15-16.)  When the heavens are rolled back "like a scroll," the wicked will behold the face of Him who sits upon the throne (above the vault of heaven, or "circle [H2329 - chûg] of the earth" Isa.40:33), and will seek to hide themselves.

Flat Earth Firmament - Rolled back like a scroll so that every eye will see Yahuwah on His throne

Scripture says that, at the Second Coming of Yahushua, the heavens will depart "as a scroll when it is rolled together," and that "every eye shall see Him." (See Revelation 1:7; 6:12-17.)  It would require a great deal of conjecture and manipulation to bring these passages into harmony with the globe model.  When the sky is rolled back, the wicked will behold Yahuwah upon His throne, and will seek to hide themselves from His awesome presence.

It is the heavenly bodies that move, not the Earth.

Then spake Joshua to Yahuwah in the day when Yahuwah delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.

And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day. (See Joshua 10:12-13.)

The text could not be any clearer: The "sun stood still in the midst of heaven."  Joshua commands the sun and moon to stand still in the heavens.  He does not command the Earth to stop spinning.  As honest Bible students, we must acknowledge the clarity of this passage.  Yahuwah forbid that we twist the Scriptures to agree with man's pseudo-scientific Copernican (sun-centered) theory, which contradicts Scripture from the very outset of Genesis.  True science (testable and observable) vindicates the reality of the stationary Earth: Experiments, The Alleged Coriolis Effect

In the book of Isaiah, we have an inspired record of how Yahuwah caused the sun to regress in the sky, causing the shadow of the sundial to move backwards:

Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down. (Isaiah 38:8, KJV)

Isaiah tells us in plain language that "the sun returned ten degrees."  There is no question about it; Isaiah believed that it was the sun that moved, not the Earth.

Yahuwah forbid that we make the testimony of the prophets subservient to the theories of erring and deceitful men.

King David also believed that it was the sun that moved:

The heavens declare the glory of El; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof. (See Psalm 19:1-6.)

Solomon, more than 25 times in the book of Ecclesiastes, uses the phrase "under the sun" when referring to Earthly activities.  Solomon clearly believed that the sun was moving above the Earth.

Yahuwah forbid that we make the testimony of the prophets subservient to the theories of erring and deceitful men.

Empirical Evidence supporting the Flat Earth:

Below, we will briefly touch on some of the empirical evidence supporting the Flat Earth.  This is by no means intended to be an exhaustive list.  It is not our goal here to go into great detail on these points, as there is already a plethora of information available online for those who are honestly seeking the truth.

cartoon globe illustrating the absurdity of gravity


Note the serpent's forked tongue in the NASA logo.

  • The apparent lack of curvature: If Earth were a ball 25,000 miles in circumference as NASA claims, then standing water must curve downward 8 inches per mile multiplied by the square of the distance.  This equates to what should be an observable drop in the elevation of distant objects.  Countless experiments have been carried out to test this, but all have failed to show curvature.  Water is always perfectly level.  It does not curve.  (A few examples)
  • The fact that surveyors, engineers, architects, naval officers, etc. do not take the Earth's curvature into consideration when plotting/planning their projects (While some claim that certain bridges were built with curvature in mind, the fallacy of this suggestion becomes obvious when one realizes the water under the bridge does not follow the bridge's curvature.  Water always finds its own level; it does not curve.)
  • The fact that airplane pilots do not have to continually drop the nose of their planes to keep them at the same altitude and prevent them from flying off into space (which would be absolutely necessary if they were flying hundreds of miles per hour around a sphere)
  • The fact that rivers follow the least path of resistance, but are found in many parts of the world to flow up and over what would be many miles of curvature (Example: The Mississippi would have to ascend 11 miles before reaching the Gulf of Mexico.)
  • While it was once thought that it was the curvature of the Earth (or water) that caused the hull of ships to disappear as they traveled away from the viewer, we now know that this is simply due to the "law of perspective."  Entire ships that have long disappeared to the naked eye can easily be brought back into view with the aid of a telescope or similar magnification device.
  • Gravity has never been proven; it must be accepted by faith in order to adhere to the globe model.  Gravity is something that we have taken for granted as truth since we were children (because we were indoctrinated/brainwashed by the "educational" system), but in reality, this theory makes no sense whatsoever.  Are we really to believe that there is a magical force called "gravity" which is so incomprehensibly strong that it can pin entire oceans down to the Earth, yet it cannot constrain the smallest cloud of smoke or even the tiniest winged insect?  Are we really to believe that this imaginary force called "gravity" can make it rain upside down or cause crops to grow sideways? ...all without us being aware of it?  (Incidentally, those who promote the theory of gravity also say that the Earth is spinning 1,000 mph, while traveling around the sun at 67,000 mph, and racing through the universe at 420,000 mph.  Yet, you do not feel even the slightest hint of movement as you sit at your computer reading this article.  This is preposterous.)  Modern pseudo-science essentially says "Disregard your Bibles, your senses, your reason, and all repeatable, testable, and observable data... and blindly trust what you are told by your textbook."  Those in worldly authority know well that, "If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed." (Adolf Hitler)  Make no mistake; the Adversary has an agenda.  (A short video: Gravity or Density?)
  • The horizon always rises to the eye of the observer (even when flying in an aircraft 30,000 feet above the Earth).  There is never a point in which the observer must look down to find the horizon of an ever curving sphere.
  • The horizon always appears perfectly flat.
  • The recorded difficulties of ship captains trying to navigate the "Southern Hemisphere" when assuming that the Earth is a sphere  (If the Earth were a globe, the lines of longitude would get tighter as you moved from the equator towards the alleged "south pole."  On the Flat Earth, however, the lines of longitude continually expand from the North Pole outward, meaning that they get wider as you move south.)
  • The reports by explorers in the 1700s and 1800s estimating that they had traversed more than 50,000 miles when trying to circumnavigate Antarctica, which is actually the outer ice ring on the Flat Earth (e.g. James Cook, James Clark Ross, the British "Challenger" expedition)  Bear in mind that, according to NASA, the globe is only 25,000 miles in circumference.
  • The nonsensical flight patterns of commercial airliners (A short video: Down South)
  • The fact that distant objects, even when perspective makes them appear beyond the horizon to the naked eye, do not appear to be leaning away from the observer (which should be the case if they are beyond the alleged point of curvature on a round Earth)  On a ball Earth under the force of "gravity," hot air balloons should appear to tip backwards as they fly off into the distant sky away from the viewer, making the bottom of the basket increasingly visible.      
  • Reports that Polaris (The North Star) has been seen as far south as 20 degrees South Latitude, yet the alleged South Pole star (Sigma Octantis) is not consistently visible from every meridian even at the equator (and other viewable constellation anomalies)
  • The weather patterns and ocean currents make much more sense on the Flat Earth: Azimuthal Equidistant Map (Click on "earth" in the bottom left corner of the map shown at this link for more viewing options.)  Incidentally, this is the same map that the United Nations uses in their logo.
  • The fact that NASA (a militarized secret society) has never produced an actual photograph of the Earth, and continually labors to deceive...
Robert Simmon in front of the Blue Marble

Photo of Robert Simmon in front of the "Blue Marble."
Credit: NASA/W. Hrybyk

NASA freely admits that their images are created with computer data; they are not photographs.  When Data Visualizer and Designer, Robert Simmon, of NASA was asked, "What is the coolest thing you’ve ever done as part of your job at Goddard?" he answered:

"The last time anyone took a photograph from above low Earth orbit that showed an entire hemisphere (one side of a globe) was in 1972 during Apollo 17. NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS) satellites were designed to give a check-up of Earth’s health. By 2002, we finally had enough data to make a snap shot of the entire Earth. So we did. The hard part was creating a flat map of the Earth’s surface with four months’ of satellite data. Reto Stockli, now at the Swiss Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, did much of this work. Then we wrapped the flat map around a ball. My part was integrating the surface, clouds, and oceans to match people’s expectations of how Earth looks from space. That ball became the famous Blue Marble.  I was happy with it but had no idea how widespread it would become. We never thought it would become an icon. I certainly never thought that I would become “Mr. Blue Marble.” We have since updated the base maps by increasing the resolution and, for 2004, we made a series of monthly maps." (

How was the "blue marble" image of Earth created?  According to NASA, a "flat map" was created from alleged satellite data and then wrapped "around a ball."  The image was then touched up to "match people's expectations of how Earth looks from space."

Woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from Yahuwah, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who seeth us? and who knoweth us? Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding? (See Isaiah 29:15-16.)

Who do you trust?  Yahuwah's prophets or the militarized secret society at NASA?

Thus saith the Yahuwah; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from Yahuwah. For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good cometh; but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, in a salt land and not inhabited.

Blessed is the man that trusteth in Yahuwah, and whose hope Yahuwah is. For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit. (See Jeremiah 17:5-8.)

man letting the air out of globe

1 While this is an interpretation held by many Bible expositors, it might be fairly argued that the "circle of the earth" mentioned by Isaiah (Isa. 40:22) is actually a reference to the Earth's circular shape.  This is certainly plausible.  What the prophet is clearly not saying, though, is that the Earth is a globe.

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